Ukusha eNingizimu Afrika: Ubani osengozini?

by BabyYumYum
Ukusha eNingizimu Afrika Ubani osengozini
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Ngokuqaphela izici eziyinhloko eziyingozi zokusha kwezingane kuleli zwe, kungenzeka ukunciphisa lezo zingozi futhi kugcinwe izingane – nabantu abadala – bephephile. Lesi ngesokuqala ochungechungeni lwezihloko ezizophinde zihlanganise nokuvimbela ukusha, ukwelashwa kokusha kanye nokushiswa kokunakekelwa ngemuva kokunakekelwa.

ENingizimu Afrika, ubusika yisikhathi sokusha. Futhi ngenkathi yokusha, abantu abavame ukuhlushwa lokhu kulimala okubuhlungu yizingane. Nakuba engekho umzali okufanele azizwe enecala ngezimo eziholela ekutheni ingane ishe ngephutha. Ziningi izinyathelo ezingathathwa ukuze ikhaya libe eliphephile enganeni. Ukusha kubuhlungu kakhulu, ngokuvamile izingozi ezisongela ukuphila ezithatha isikhathi eside ukuphola futhi ngokuvamile zishiya isisulu sinezibazi ezimbi, impilo yonke.

INingizimu Afrika inezinga eliphezulu kakhulu lokusha kwezingane, njengoba kushona abantu abangaba ngu-1 300 okuhlobene nokusha unyaka ngamunye – futhi lesi sigameko sikhuphuka kakhulu ezinyangeni zasebusika lapho umlilo oshisa amalahle usetshenziselwa ukushisa amakhaya ahola kancane.

“Isinyathelo sokuqala sokuvikela ukusha wukuqapha kakhulu,” kusho uThokozile Nzama, umlingani omkhulu ophethe ezentengiso eMsinsi Health Care. “Chitha isikhathi ucabanga ngezinto ezishisa izingane – amapuleti ashisayo, amanzi ashisayo, imililo – futhi ucabange ukuthi noma iyiphi yalezi zinto zitholakala kanjani ekhaya lakho. Bese ubheka ukuthi unganciphisa kanjani ukufinyelela kwengane yakho kuzo.”

Amanani okushiswa ayenyuka ezinganeni ezineminyaka emibili kuya kwemithathu ubudala futhi nalapho izingane ziqala isikole. Zombili lezi zinhlayiya zihambisana nokwanda okungazelelwe kokuzimela, ngakho-ke nakuba kubalulekile ukuvikela ingane ekushiseni, kubalulekile futhi ukuyifundisa ngalokho abakwazi ukukwenza nabangakwazi ukukwenza kusukela esemncane kakhulu.

Lezi ngezinye zezindawo uNzama athi zidinga ukunakwa okukhethekile:

  • Ama-hotplates – ikakhulukazi uma lezi zibekwe phansi noma etafuleni eliphansi. Kulula kakhulu ngengane ekhasayo ukuthi ifinyelele i-hotplate noma iwele kwelinye phansi. Zama ukugcina ama-hotplates ekude lapho ungafinyeleleki khona noma ngemuva komgoqo.

  • Uma lezi ziphansi, ingozi yokulimala iyafana nepuleti elishisayo. Lapho lezi zibekwe endaweni ephansi, ikakhulukazi uma intambo yeketela ilengela, ingane ingaligingqa kalula iketela.

  • Noma yiziphi izintambo zikagesi eziholela emishinini yokushisisa. Izingane ezincane zibona izintambo zikagesi njengezintambo eziwusizo zokuzidonsa. Ngaso sonke isikhathi qiniseka ukuthi izintambo zincike odongeni ifenisha iphezu kwazo, futhi ungalokothi ulenga onqenqemeni lwetafula noma ekhabetheni.

  • Uma ingane yakho isegumbini elilodwa nelomlilo noma ihitha, ungalokothi uyishiye yodwa futhi ungayeki ukuyibuka. Khumbula ukuthi akudingeki ukuthi ingane ihambe noma ikhase ukuze ihambe.

  • Gcina izinto zokukhanyisa, umentshisi nanoma yiluphi uketshezi oluvuthayo njengopharafini lapho ingane yakho ingakwazi ukufinyelela kuyo. Kusukela besebancane, bafundise ukuthi zonke lezi zinto zingabalimaza.

  • Khuluma nomsizi wengane yakho, uthisha noma uthishanhloko mayelana nokuthi yiziphi izinyathelo zemfundo ezithathwa esikoleni ukuze wenze izingane ziqaphele izingozi zokusha, futhi ukhankasele imfundo engcono uma ingekho.

“Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuthi ukufundisa izingane ngokugwema ukusha kuyinto eqhubekayo,” kusho uNzama. “Ungabatsheli kanye, batshele zonke izinsuku. Bakhumbuze ngezizathu, ungalindeli nje ukuthi bakulalele. Futhi ngisho nalapho bebonakala benomthwalo wemfanelo futhi beqaphile, hlala uqaphile. Kudingeka bayeke isikhashana ekuhlakanipheni kwabo kanye nokukulalelisisa ukuze kwenzeke into embi kakhulu.”

Yiqiniso, kungenzeka ukuthi noma ubani emndenini abhekane nokulimala kokusha nganoma yisiphi isikhathi, ngakho-ke nakuba kubalulekile ukukhuphula ukuqapha ebusika, hlala uphephile futhi ungavumeli ukuqapha kwakho unyaka wonke.

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